Subordinate Taxa
Scientific Name:
Escalloniaceae R.Br. ex Dumort.
Evergreen trees or shrubs. Lvs simple, usually alternate, rarely subopposite or subverticillate, mostly with gland-tipped teeth; stipules 0. Fls mostly in racemes or panicles, sometimes in fascicles or solitary, regular, usually 5-merous, usually ☿, rarely unisexual. Sepals mostly united in lower part, rarely free, imbricate or valvate, often persistent. Petals usually free, rarely connate into a short tube, imbricate or valvate. Stamens (4)–5–(6), sometimes alternating with staminodes; filaments free; anthers 2-locular, dehiscing longitudinally; disc lobes alternating with stamens. Ovary 1–6-locular, superior or inferior, surmounted by a variously shaped disc; ovules 1 and pendulous, or few to numerous and parietal in the 1-locular ovaries, otherwise in central placentas, anatropous. Fr. a capsule, drupe or berry; seeds with copious endosperm.
[From: Webb et al. (1988) Flora of New Zealand. Volume 4.]
Number of species and named hybrids in New Zealand within Escalloniaceae R.Br. ex Dumort.
Exotic: Fully Naturalised3
Cronquist, A. 1988: The evolution and classification of flowering plants. The New York Botanic Gardens, New York.
Mabberley, D.J. 2008: Mabberley's plant book, a portable dictionary of plants, their classification and uses. Edition 3. Cambridge University Press.