Nomenclature
Scientific Name:
Aciphylla congesta Cheeseman
 Description

Stock multicipital, plant forming compact masses of rosettes up to 3 dm. diam. Lvs rather soft, striate; sheaths thin, with hyaline margins, c. 6 cm. long, tapering from 2 cm. to 7 mm,; stipules c. 6·5 cm. × 5 mm., linear-oblong, abruptly narrowed to acicular tip; petioles flat, up to c. 8 mm. long, sts obsolete; internodes us. evident, up to 10 mm. long. Primary pinnae 2–3 paris, up to ± 6 cm. × 5 mm., abruptly narrowed to pungent apex. Male stems stout, up to 3 dm. × ± 15 mm. Bracts ± 5 cm. long; sheaths broad, up to c. 2.5 × 1·5 cm. Stipules and lamina lflike. Umbels 6–12, close-set, forming a globose head up to ± 12 cm. diam. Primary rays stout, ± 4 cm. long, ± whorled and subtended by whorl of bracts. Umbellules several, crowded, up to 2 cm. diam., on ∞ slender rays ± 5 mm. long. Female stems stout, up to ± 3 dm. tall including infl. up to 15 cm. diam. Primary rays stout, grooved, ± 6 cm. × 3 mm. Involucral bracts whorled; sheaths ± 10 × 7 mm., submembr.; stipules and lamina lflike, up to 4 cm. long. Umbellules ± 3 cm. diam., rays ∞ fls crowded. Fr. ± 4–5 mm. long; mericarps 4–5-winged.

[From:  Allan (1961) Flora of New Zealand. Volume 1.]

 Biostatus
Indigenous (Endemic)
 Bibliography
de Lange, P.J.; Norton, D.A.; Courtney, S.P.; Heenan, P.B.; Barkla, J.W.; Cameron, E.K.; Hitchmough, R.; Townsend, A.J. 2009: Threatened and uncommon plants of New Zealand (2008 revision). New Zealand Journal of Botany 47: 61–96. [Naturally uncommon]
de Lange, P.J.; Norton, D.A.; Heenan, P.B.; Courtney, S.P.; Molloy, B.P.J.; Ogle, C.C.; Rance, B.D. 2004: Threatened and uncommon plants of New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Botany 42(1): 45–76.
de Lange, P.J.; Rolfe, J.R.; Barkla J.W.; Courtney, S.P.; Champion, P.D.; Perrie, L.R.; Beadel, S.N.; Ford, K.A.; Breitwieser, I.; Schönberger, I.; Hindmarsh-Walls, R.; Heenan, P.B.; Ladley, K. 2018: Conservation status of New Zealand indigenous vascular plants, 2017. New Zealand Threat Classification Series. No. 22. [Not Threatened]
de Lange, P.J.; Rolfe, J.R.; Champion, P.D.; Courtney, S.P.; Heenan, P.B.; Barkla, J.W.; Cameron, E.K.; Norton, D.A.; Hitchmough, R.A. 2013: Conservation status of New Zealand indigenous vascular plants, 2012. New Zealand Threat Classification Series 3. Department of Conservation, Wellington. [Naturally Uncommon]