Scientific Name:
Aciphylla monroi Hook.f., Bot. Antarct. Voy. II (Fl. Nov.-Zel.) Part II, 330 (1855)
Vernacular Name(s):
little speargrass

Leaf rosettes up to 20 cm diameter in groups of up to 10 or more, sometimes rhizomatous. Leaves coriaceous, grey-green, sometimes yellowish, up to 18 cm long, mostly 4 - 5 pairs of leaflets, tending to be folded upward; sheath up to 70 × 12 - 2.5 mm, sheath joint usually evident; stipules much shorter than to almost as long as the petiole, up to 30 × 0.6 mm, petiole up to 40 × 2 mm, flat to convex above, margins rounded to acute, pulvinus obscure, 1 — 2 mm long; lamina ± rhombic in outline, lowermost leaflet up to 50 × 2 - 3 mm, apex acute with a spine c. 1 mm long, midrib obscure to 0.2 wide, marginrib c. 0.2 mm wide, ribs and veins often raised and prominent. Inflorescences of broad type. Female inflorescence up to 300 mm long, with a stem 200 × 3 - 4 mm, brown to green; head 60-80 × 40 mm, more or less ovate in outline; compound umbels 4 - 8, usually arranged in 2 - 3 whorls, the terminal umbel larger than the lower laterals; lower bracts c. 30 mm long with a sheath c. 20 × 2.5 mm, stipules, and one leaflet pair; upper bracts smaller and simple with stipules. Lower compound umbels up to 30 mm long with peduncles up to 20 × 1 mm, primary bracteoles simple, up to 10 × 1 mm; simple umbels up to 5 with peduncles up to 6 × 0.5 mm; secondary bracteoles simple, up to 7 × 1 mm; up to 10 flowers per umbel with pedicels up to 2 × 0.2 mm. Sepals up to 0.9 mm long; petals up to 1.1 × 0.5 mm, not inflexed; staminodes up to 0.3 mm long. Mericarps dark to pale brown, dull, up to 4 × 2 mm, rarely longer, with a style up to 1.1 mm long; lateral ribs up to 0.3 mm wide. Male inflorescence up to 240 mm long, with a stem 150 × 3.5 mm, green to brown; head 90 × 50— 70 mm, ovate to circular in outline; compound umbels 5 - 7, tending to be in 2 - 3 whorls, the terminal umbel larger than the lower laterals; bracts similar to those of the female; lower compound umbels up to 50 mm long, with peduncles up to 35 × 1.5 mm; primary bracteoles up to 20 × 1.5 mm; up to 10 simple umbels with peduncles up to 10 × 1 mm; secondary bracteoles up to 8 × 0.5 mm; 10—15 flowers per umbel with pedicels up to 3 × 0.1 mm. Sepals up to 1 mm long; petals up to 1.1 × 0.6 mm, not inflexed; stamens up to 2.1 mm long.

[Reproduced from Dawson (1979, New Zealand J. Bot. 17: 339-351) with permission from The Royal Society of New Zealand.]

Indigenous (Endemic)
Dawson, J.W. 1979: Aciphylla montana Armstrong, A. lecomtei sp. nov., and related species. New Zealand Journal of Botany 17: 339–351.
de Lange, P.J.; Rolfe, J.R.; Barkla J.W.; Courtney, S.P.; Champion, P.D.; Perrie, L.R.; Beadel, S.N.; Ford, K.A.; Breitwieser, I.; Schönberger, I.; Hindmarsh-Walls, R.; Heenan, P.B.; Ladley, K. 2018: Conservation status of New Zealand indigenous vascular plants, 2017. New Zealand Threat Classification Series. No. 22. [Not Threatened]
de Lange, P.J.; Rolfe, J.R.; Champion, P.D.; Courtney, S.P.; Heenan, P.B.; Barkla, J.W.; Cameron, E.K.; Norton, D.A.; Hitchmough, R.A. 2013: Conservation status of New Zealand indigenous vascular plants, 2012. New Zealand Threat Classification Series 3. Department of Conservation, Wellington. [Not Threatened]
Hooker, J.D. 1854–1855: The Botany of the Antarctic Voyage of H.M. Discovery Ships Erebus and Terror, in the years 1839–1843, under the command of Captain Sir James Clark Ross. II. Flora Novae-Zelandiae. Part II. Flowerless plants. Lovell Reeve, London.