Classification
 Subordinate Taxa
 Nomenclature
Scientific Name:
Aquifoliaceae
 Description

Shrubs or trees, usually evergreen.  Lvs alternate, rarely opposite, simple, usually green, leathery;  stipules very small.  Fls ☿ or unisexual, actinomorphic, usually in axillary cymes or fascicles, rarely solitary or racemose.  Calyx usually 4-toothed.  Petals usually 4, free or connate at base.  Stamens 4;  filaments free, or united at base;  anthers 2-locular;  disc 0.  Ovary superior, 3- or more locular;  style terminal or 0; ovules 1–(2) per loculus, pendulous.  Fr. a berry of 3 or more, 1-seeded pyrenes.  Seeds with copious endosperm.

[From:  Webb et al. (1988) Flora of New Zealand. Volume 4.]

 Biostatus
Exotic
Number of species and named hybrids in New Zealand within Aquifoliaceae
CategoryNumber
Exotic: Fully Naturalised1
Exotic: Casual2
Total3
 Bibliography
Cronquist, A. 1988: The evolution and classification of flowering plants. The New York Botanic Gardens, New York.
Mabberley, D.J. 2008: Mabberley's plant book, a portable dictionary of plants, their classification and uses. Edition 3. Cambridge University Press.