Classification
 Nomenclature
Scientific Name:
Araliaceae
 Description

Shrubs, trees or climbers, rarely herbs.  Lvs usually alternate, rarely opposite, simple and entire to palmately or pinnately compound or lobed; stipules present or 0.  Fls ☿ or unisexual, actinomorphic, usually in terminal, rarely axillary umbels, less often in heads, spikes, or racemes, rarely solitary;  umbels often in racemes or panicles.  Calyx usually not toothed, rarely shallowly 5-toothed.  Petals usually 5, sometimes 3-numerous, usually free.  Stamens usually as many as petals, rarely more;  filaments free; anthers 2-locular.  Ovary inferior, rarely 1/2-inferior or superior, 1-many-locular;  styles as many as loculi, free or partly connate; ovules usually 1 per loculus, rarely 2, pendulous.  Fr. baccate or drupaceous, indehiscent.

[From:  Webb et al. (1988) Flora of New Zealand. Volume 4.]

 Biostatus
Number of species in New Zealand within Araliaceae
CategoryNumber
Indigenous (Endemic)26
Indigenous (Non-endemic)1
Exotic: Fully Naturalised8
Exotic: Casual6
Total41
 Bibliography
Connor, H.E. 1977: The Poisonous Plants in New Zealand. Edition 2. Government Printer, Wellington.
Connor, H.E.; Fountain, J. 2009: Plants that Poison: A New Zealand Guide. Manaaki Whenua Press, Lincoln.
Cronquist, A. 1988: The evolution and classification of flowering plants. The New York Botanic Gardens, New York.
Mabberley, D.J. 2008: Mabberley's plant book, a portable dictionary of plants, their classification and uses. Edition 3. Cambridge University Press.