Scientific Name:
Araucaria heterophylla (Salisb.) Franco (1952)
  • = Eutassa heterophylla Salisb., Trans. Linn. Soc. London 8: 316–317 (1807)
Vernacular Name(s):
Norfolk Island pine; Star pine

Large tree; bark dark grey-brown, peeling in thin flakes, deep pink beneath. Semi-juvenile lvs (on lowest branches of mature trees) somewhat flattened, 3–11 mm long, linear-subulate, acute, incurved. Adult lvs (from coning branches) ± flattened, 5–9 mm long, ovate or ovate-elliptic, ± obtuse, slightly keeled, strongly imbricate, incurved. ♂ strobili 3–5 cm long, narrow-cylindric. ♀ cones towards top of tree, 9–13 cm diam., broadly oblong-ellipsoid or subglobose, green at maturity; emergent part of scale (prickle) 6–10 mm long and c. 2 mm wide at 1/2 way to apex, pungent, directed forward.

[From: Webb et al. (1988) Flora of New Zealand. Volume 4.]

Farjon, A 2001: World Checklist and Bibliography of Conifers. Edition 2. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, Richmond.
Salisbury, R.A. 1807: The characters of several genera in the natural order of Coniferae: with remarks on their stigmata, and cotyledons. Transactions of the Linnean Society of London 8: 308–317.
Wilcox, M.; Bradshaw, C.; Cameron, E. 2004: Woody plants of the Auckland Domain. Auckland Botanical Society Journal 59(1): 44–56.