Subordinate Taxa
Scientific Name:
Ballota L., Sp. Pl. 582 (1753)

Perennial herbs or subshrubs with ± erect stems. Lvs simple, toothed. Verticels few- to many-flowered, axillary. Bracts similar to lvs. Bracteoles present. Calyx tube not gibbous at base, funnelform, 10-nerved; limb 5–16-toothed, sometimes broad and undulate; calyx teeth acute to aristate. Corolla tube < or = calyx, with ring of hairs inside; upper lip arched to concave, densely hairy; lower lip with 3 spreading lobes. Stamens parallel, lying beneath corolla upper lip, the outer pair longest; anther cells diverging. Style gynobasic, its branches subequal. Nutlets oblong; apex rounded.

[From: Webb et al. (1988) Flora of New Zealand. Volume 4.]

Number of species in New Zealand within Ballota L.
Exotic: Fully Naturalised1
Linnaeus, C. 1753: Species Plantarum. Impensis Laurentii Salvii, Stockholm.
Mabberley, D.J. 2008: Mabberley's plant book, a portable dictionary of plants, their classification and uses. Edition 3. Cambridge University Press.