Subordinate Taxa
Scientific Name:
Citrullus Schrad., Enum. Pl. Afric. Austral. [Ecklon & Zeyher] 279 (1836)

Annual or perennial, monoecious herbs with running or climbing, hairy stems. Rootstock not tuberous.  Tendrils simple or branched.  Lvs deeply pinnatifid, hairy.  Fls axillary, solitary, yellow.  Calyx deeply 5-lobed.  Corolla deeply  5-lobed, rotate.  Stamens 3;  filaments and anthers free;  connective not prolonged beyond loculi.  ♀ fls with 3 small staminodes.  Ovary with 3 placentae and many ovules; stigmas 3.  Fr. fleshy, indehiscent, smooth, globose to oblong-ellipsoid;  peduncle accrescent.  Seeds numerous, flat and smooth, dark;  margin not raised.

[From:  Webb et al. (1988) Flora of New Zealand. Volume 4.]

Number of species in New Zealand within Citrullus Schrad.
Exotic: Fully Naturalised1
Ecklon, C.F.; Zeyher, C.L.P. 1834–1837: Enumeratio Plantarum Africae Australis extratropicae qua collectae, determinatae et expositae. Pt. i, ii (in 1 vol aged contin.).
Mabberley, D.J. 2008: Mabberley's plant book, a portable dictionary of plants, their classification and uses. Edition 3. Cambridge University Press.