Subordinate Taxa
Scientific Name:
Ecballium A.Rich., Dict. Class. Hist. Nat. 19 (1824)

Monoecious herb with prostrate, hispid stems.  Rootstock stout and ± tuberous.  Tendrils 0.  Lvs lobed.  Fls axillary, 5-merous, pale yellow;  ♂ in racemes;  ♀ solitary.  Calyx tube very short.  Petals united towards base.  Stamens 3, free, with broad connectives.  ♀ fls with 5 staminodes. Ovary hispid, minutely tuberculate;  placentae 3;  ovules numerous;  stigmas 3–(4), each forked.  Fr.  oblong-ellipsoid, scabrid and densely hairy at maturity, becoming detached from peduncle and violently ejecting the seeds from the resulting aperture.  Seeds numerous, ovate-ellipsoid, dark brown;  margin obscure.

[From:  Webb et al. (1988) Flora of New Zealand. Volume 4.]

Number of species in New Zealand within Ecballium A.Rich.
Exotic: Fully Naturalised1
Bory de Saint-Vincent, J.B.G.M. 1824: Dictionnaire classique d'histoire naturelle. Edition 6.
Mabberley, D.J. 2008: Mabberley's plant book, a portable dictionary of plants, their classification and uses. Edition 3. Cambridge University Press.