Scientific Name:
  • = Empetraceae
  • = Pyrolaceae
  • = Epacridaceae

Shrubs and shrublets, less commonly trees, usually evergreen. Lvs exstipulate, usually alternate, sometimes opposite or whorled. Infl. a terminal or axillary raceme, umbel or panicle, sometimes fls solitary. Fls ☿, regular or nearly so. Calyx 4–5-lobed, persistent and sometimes accrescent. Corolla usually gamopetalous, 4–5-lobed, rarely petals free. Stamens usually twice as many as, sometimes as many as corolla lobes, usually inserted on or between the lobes of a fleshy hypogynous disc; filaments free or rarely ± connate; anthers 2-locular, dehiscing by terminal pores or short slits, sometimes with awns or tails; pollen shed in tetrads. Ovary usually superior, sometimes inferior, 2–5–(10)-celled; ovules numerous on axile placentae. Style and stigma single; stigma simple or lobed. Fr. a capsule or berry. Seeds usually numerous, occasionally few, very small.

[From: Webb et al. (1988) Flora of New Zealand. Volume 4.]

Number of species in New Zealand within Ericaceae
Indigenous (Endemic)56
Indigenous (Non-endemic)6
Exotic: Fully Naturalised13
Exotic: Casual12
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