Subordinate Taxa
Scientific Name:
Freesia Klatt, Linnaea 34: 672 (1866), nom. cons.
  • = Anomatheca Ker-Gawl., Ann. Bot. [König & Sims] 1: 227 (1804) nom. rej.
Vernacular Name(s):

Summer-green perennial, cormous with fibrous tunic. Leaves distichous, flattened. Spike secund, axis usually bent at abrupt angle from stem. Flowers several, often sweet-scented, alternate on axis, all curved toward upper side, each within 2 small green membranous spathe-valves; tube distinct, usually curved, lower portion slender, funnel-shaped above; lobes all similar, or 3 inner dissimilar. Stamens asymmetric. Style filiform; style-branches 3, each deeply bifid. Capsule subglobose. Seeds many.

[From: Healy and Edgar (1980) Flora of New Zealand. Volume 3.]

Number of species in New Zealand within Freesia Klatt
Exotic: Fully Naturalised2
Goldblatt, P.; Manning, J.C. 1995: Phylogeny of the African Genera Anomatheca and Freesia (Iridaceae: Ixioideae), and a New Genus Xenoscapa. Systematic Botany 20(2): 161–178.
Hobbs, J.; Hatch, T. 1994: Bulbs for New Zealand Gardens. Godwit Press, Auckland.
Ker Gawler, J.B. 1804: Ensatarum Ordo. Annals of Botany [Edited by König & Sims] 1: 219–247.
Klatt, F.W. 1866: Revision Iridearum. Linnaea 34: 537–739.
Mabberley, D.J. 2008: Mabberley's plant book, a portable dictionary of plants, their classification and uses. Edition 3. Cambridge University Press.
Manning, J.C. & Goldblatt, P. 2010: Botany and horticulture of the genus Freesia (Iridaceae). In: Strelitzia. Vol. 27. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria.