Scientific Name:
Gentianella bellidifolia (Hook.f.) Holub, Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 3: 218 (1968)
  • Gentiana bellidifolia Hook.f. (1844)
  • Chionogentias bellidifolia (Hook.f.) L.G.Adams, Austral. Syst. Bot. 8: 976 (1995)
  • = Gentiana flaccida Petrie (1911)
  • = Gentiana bellidifolia var. australis Petrie ex Cheeseman, Man. New Zealand Fl., ed. 2, 732 (1925)

Plants polycarpic, height in flower 80– 230(–370) mm. Root 1.2–6 mm diam. at stem base. Caudex unbranched or branched, (15–)23–90 mm long, stolons absent. Flowering stems lateral only, 1–13 per plant, largest flowering stem 1.0–3.2 mm diam., 0.8–1.4 mm diam. when dry, green, tinted purple-black, or bronze, lateral flowering stems erect or decumbent, stem leaves 2–4 pairs per stem, lowest pedicels from halfway up flowering stem or near apex of flowering stem. Rosette of leaves present and distinct from flowering stem leaves, leaves narrowly elliptic, elliptic, rhomboid, or orbicular, 11–100(–140) mm long, (4.0–)4.2–12.5 mm wide, green or tinted purple-black, channelled, larger leaves V-shaped, leaf apex acute to rounded; petiole usually distinct, 7–27 mm long, 0.8–4.0(–4.6) mm wide at leaf base. Flowering stem leaves elliptic to narrowly ovate. Pedicels 1 per leaf axil, 1–48 mm long, 0.8–1.9 mm diam., 0.5–0.8 mm diam. when dry. Flowers 1–30(–45) per plant, 12–23 mm long, rarely female. Calyx 8.2–11(–13) mm long; lobes 3.8–7.0(–8.3) mm long, (1.7–)2.0–3.6(–4.2) mm wide at base, green or green tinted purple-black, crimson, or brown, plane, lobe apices acute, margins convex, smooth or minutely denticulate, hairs at calyx–corolla fusion line present or absent, hairs at lobe sinuses few. Corolla 15.6–22.6 mm long, white (in the South Island) or with veins coloured grey-violet (in the North Island), tube 3.4–6.0 mm long; lobes 11.1–17 mm long, 6.3–12.4 mm wide, hairs above sinus present; nectary 0.4–1.2(–1.4) mm from corolla base. Filaments 7.7–12.5 mm long from corolla base, (0.6–)0.8–1.4(–2.0) mm wide. Anthers 1.8–3.0 mm long, anther wall blue-black, mouth yellow, extrorse at anthesis. Stigma colourless. Ovules 16–60(–68) per ovary, ovary yellow in maturity, rarely turning blue. Capsule 17–24 mm long. FL (Feb–)Mar–Apr.

[Reproduced from Glenny (2004, New Zealand J. Bot. 42: 361-530) with permission from The Royal Society of New Zealand.]

Indigenous (Endemic)
Adams, L.G. 1995: Chionogentias (Gentianaceae) a new generic name for the Australasian 'snow-gentians' and a revision of the Australian species. Australian Systematic Botany 8: 935–1011.
Cheeseman, T.F. 1925: Manual of the New Zealand Flora. Edition 2. Government Printer, Wellington.
de Lange, P.J.; Rolfe, J.R.; Barkla J.W.; Courtney, S.P.; Champion, P.D.; Perrie, L.R.; Beadel, S.N.; Ford, K.A.; Breitwieser, I.; Schönberger, I.; Hindmarsh-Walls, R.; Heenan, P.B.; Ladley, K. 2018: Conservation status of New Zealand indigenous vascular plants, 2017. New Zealand Threat Classification Series. No. 22. [Not Threatened]
de Lange, P.J.; Rolfe, J.R.; Champion, P.D.; Courtney, S.P.; Heenan, P.B.; Barkla, J.W.; Cameron, E.K.; Norton, D.A.; Hitchmough, R.A. 2013: Conservation status of New Zealand indigenous vascular plants, 2012. New Zealand Threat Classification Series 3. Department of Conservation, Wellington. [Not Threatened]
Glenny, D. 2004: A revision of the genus Gentianella in New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Botany 42(3): 361–530.
Holub, J. 1968: Einige neue nomenklatorische Kombinationen innerbalb der Gentianinae. Folia Geobotanica et Phytotaxonomica 3: 217–218.