Subordinate Taxa
 Nomenclature
Scientific Name:
Geraniaceae
 Description

Herbs, subshrubs, or shrubs, occasionally tree-like.  Lvs alternate or opposite, mostly simple and lobed, less often entire or compound, usually stipulate.  Fls in few- to many-flowered umbels, rarely solitary, ☿, actinomorphic to somewhat zygomorphic, axillary;  bracts present or 0.  Sepals (4)–5, persistent, usually free, less commonly connate to 1/2 way;  uppermost sepal sometimes spurred.  Petals usually 5, sometimes 2 or 4, rarely 0, usually imbricate, occasionally distant, rarely contorted.  Stamens 2–(3)× as many as petals, sometimes some lacking anthers;  filaments free or connate at base; anthers 2-locular, versatile.  Ovary superior, (2)–3–5-celled, beaked; ovules 1–2 in each loculus, pendulous;  style adhering to beak, with 5 stigmatic branches, the outer part often separating at fruiting and forming 5 long awns attached to the apex of the central rachis.  Fr. lobed, dry, with 1 seed per carpel, breaking from the beak into 1–(2)-seeded mericarps with styles usually persistent.  Seed with 0 or little endosperm.

[From:  Webb et al. (1988) Flora of New Zealand. Volume 4.]

 Biostatus
Number of species and named hybrids in New Zealand within Geraniaceae
CategoryNumber
Indigenous (Endemic)4
Indigenous (Non-endemic)7
Exotic: Fully Naturalised20
Exotic: Casual12
Total43
 Phenology

Fruiting: Nov.–Feb.

 Bibliography
Connor, H.E. 1977: The Poisonous Plants in New Zealand. Edition 2. Government Printer, Wellington.
Cronquist, A. 1988: The evolution and classification of flowering plants. The New York Botanic Gardens, New York.
Mabberley, D.J. 2008: Mabberley's plant book, a portable dictionary of plants, their classification and uses. Edition 3. Cambridge University Press.