Scientific Name:
Hakea Schrad. & J.C.Wendl., Sert. Hannov. 27, t. 17 (1797)
  • = Conchium Sm.
Vernacular Name(s):
Needle bush; Pincushion tree

Shrubs or small trees. Lvs alternate, terete to broadly flattened, sometimes with spiny apex. Fls axillary, bracteate, usually few to many in clusters, occasionally in globose heads, ☿, pedicellate. Perianth tube slender, straight at first but later curving back and usually the segments becoming free; limb ± globose. Anthers sessile in the concave perianth segments. Nectaries united to form a large or small horseshoe-shaped or completely annular gland. Ovary glabrous, usually shortly stipitate; ovules 2; style usually > perianth, curved and protruding from perianth slit in immature fl.; apex dilated, forming an oblique disc or lateral cone; stigma small, in centre of dilated style. Fr. a very woody, ± ovoid capsule splitting into 2 solid valves with flat inner faces. Seeds 2, with a broad terminal wing sometimes continuing down the upper and rarely the lower margin.

[From: Webb et al. (1988) Flora of New Zealand. Volume 4.]

Number of species in New Zealand within Hakea Schrad. & J.C.Wendl.
Exotic: Fully Naturalised5
Exotic: Casual1
Barker, R.M.; Haegi, L.; Barker, W.R. 1999: George, A.S. (ed.) Flora of Australia. Vol. 17B. ABRS and CSIRO, Melbourne.
Mabberley, D.J. 2008: Mabberley's plant book, a portable dictionary of plants, their classification and uses. Edition 3. Cambridge University Press.
Schrader, H.A.; Wendland, J.C. 1795-1798: Sertum Hannoveranum. Vandenhoeck et Ruprecht, Göttingen.