Scientific Name:

Trees, shrubs, climbers or rarely herbs, generally with milky latex. Lvs usually alternate, rarely opposite, pinnate, palmate, deeply incised or simple, stipulate. Infls axillary, racemose, paniculate, spicate, capitate or urceolate. Fls unisexual, apetalous. Perianth segments 0–8, usually 4, free or gamophyllous, imbricate or valvate, persistent. Stamens as many as perianth segments or reduced to 1, 2 or 3, erect or inflexed in bud; anthers 2-celled; rudimentary ovary present or 0. Ovary superior, inferior, or sometimes immersed in sockets in the infl.-axis, 1–(2)-locular; styles 2, or 1 with 2 arms, or 1 with 1 arm; ovule 1, anatropous or campylotropous. Frs drupaceous, discrete or ± connate into large fleshy syncarps; embryos various, curved or straight.

[From: Webb et al. (1988) Flora of New Zealand. Volume 4.]

Number of species in New Zealand within Moraceae
Indigenous (Endemic)3
Exotic: Fully Naturalised4
Exotic: Casual5
Cronquist, A. 1988: The evolution and classification of flowering plants. The New York Botanic Gardens, New York.
Kubitzki, K. 2004: VI Flowering Plants. Dicotyledons: Celestrales, Oxalidales, Rosales, Cornales, Ericales. Kubitzki, K. (ed.) The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants. Spinger-Verlag, Berlin. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Mabberley, D.J. 2008: Mabberley's plant book, a portable dictionary of plants, their classification and uses. Edition 3. Cambridge University Press.