Subordinate Taxa
Scientific Name:

Herbs, shrubs or trees, sometimes climbing, sometimes spiny.  Lvs opposite or subopposite, occasionally alternate, simple, exstipulate, entire.  Infl. usually cymose, sometimes appearing paniculate, rarely fls solitary, often surrounded by coloured bracts;  fls ☿ or unisexual, actinomorphic. Calyx tubular, often petaloid, (3)–5–(8)-merous;  lobes valvate or plicate in bud;  basal part persistent;  apical part caducous;  bracts sometimes involucrate and simulating the calyx.  Corolla 0.  Stamens 1-many, free, or connate at base, hypogynous, often unequal.  Ovary superior, 1-locular; ovule solitary, basal;  style 1, slender;  stigma simple or variously divided. Fr. an achene, sometimes enclosed by the persistent base of the calyx (an anthocarp), or a nut.  Seed with little or copious endosperm.

[From:  Webb et al. (1988) Flora of New Zealand. Volume 4.]

Number of species in New Zealand within Nyctaginaceae
Indigenous (Non-endemic)1
Exotic: Fully Naturalised2
Cronquist, A. 1988: The evolution and classification of flowering plants. The New York Botanic Gardens, New York.
Mabberley, D.J. 2008: Mabberley's plant book, a portable dictionary of plants, their classification and uses. Edition 3. Cambridge University Press.