Scientific Name:
  • = Theophrastaceae
  • = Myrsinaceae

Annual or perennial herbs, rarely shrubs. Lvs exstipulate, often all basal, otherwise alternate, opposite, or verticillate. Fls ☿, usually actinomorphic, very rarely zygomorphic, solitary or in racemes, umbels or panicles, bracteate, usually 5-merous. Calyx persistent, sometimes foliaceous. Corolla gamopetalous, but sometimes split nearly to base, tubular. Stamens antipetalous, epipetalous; staminodes sometimes present. Ovary usually superior, sometimes semi-inferior, 1-locular, with basal, free-central placentae; style and stigma simple; ovules 1-many. Fr. capsular, variously dehiscent. Seeds endospermic.

[From: Webb et al. (1988) Flora of New Zealand. Volume 4.]

Number of species in New Zealand within Primulaceae
Indigenous (Endemic)12
Indigenous (Non-endemic)1
Exotic: Fully Naturalised8
Exotic: Casual8
Connor, H.E. 1977: The Poisonous Plants in New Zealand. Edition 2. Government Printer, Wellington.
Connor, H.E.; Fountain, J. 2009: Plants that Poison: A New Zealand Guide. Manaaki Whenua Press, Lincoln.
Cronquist, A. 1988: The evolution and classification of flowering plants. The New York Botanic Gardens, New York.
Kubitzki, K. 2004: VI Flowering Plants. Dicotyledons: Celestrales, Oxalidales, Rosales, Cornales, Ericales. Kubitzki, K. (ed.) The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants. Spinger-Verlag, Berlin. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Mabberley, D.J. 2008: Mabberley's plant book, a portable dictionary of plants, their classification and uses. Edition 3. Cambridge University Press.