Scientific Name:
Pterostylis brumalis L.B.Moore, New Zealand J. Bot. 6: 485 (1969)
  • Diplodium brumale (L.B.Moore) D.L.Jones, Molloy & M.A.Clem. in Jones & Clements, 4: 70 (2002) – as brumalis

Plant to c. 20 cm. tall, often less. Stem slender, smooth, often reddish, internodes us. rather < lvs. Petiolate lvs. in separate rosettes or at base of fl.-stem; lamina c. 5–12 × 5–12 mm., ovate-orbicular, surface not rugose; petiole well defined, sts > lamina. Cauline lvs several, mostly sessile, the lowest 1–2 sts ± like rosette lvs; lamina c. 1.5–4 cm. × 2–7 mm., linear-lanceolate to narrow-elliptic, uppermost us. overtopping ovary but rarely reaching height of galea. Fl. us. solitary, erect. Dorsal sepal c. 1.5–2–(3) cm. tall, tip acuminate, us. ± down-curved; lateral sepals diverging at wide angle forming U or wide W from front view, this region abruptly prominent in side view, tips long-caudate and much overtopping galea. Petals almost as long as dorsal sepal, a broad, ± horizontal marginal strip exposed. Labellum narrow-triangular, arched and protruding, apex subacute. Column shorter than labellum; stigma elliptic, slightly prominent.

[From: Moore and Edgar (1970) Flora of New Zealand. Volume 2 as Pterostylis brumalis L.B.Moore]

Indigenous (Endemic)
de Lange, P.J.; Rolfe, J.R.; Barkla J.W.; Courtney, S.P.; Champion, P.D.; Perrie, L.R.; Beadel, S.N.; Ford, K.A.; Breitwieser, I.; Schönberger, I.; Hindmarsh-Walls, R.; Heenan, P.B.; Ladley, K. 2018: Conservation status of New Zealand indigenous vascular plants, 2017. New Zealand Threat Classification Series. No. 22. [Not Threatened]
de Lange, P.J.; Rolfe, J.R.; Champion, P.D.; Courtney, S.P.; Heenan, P.B.; Barkla, J.W.; Cameron, E.K.; Norton, D.A.; Hitchmough, R.A. 2013: Conservation status of New Zealand indigenous vascular plants, 2012. New Zealand Threat Classification Series 3. Department of Conservation, Wellington. [Not Threatened]
Janes, J.K.; Duretto, M.F. 2010: A new classification for subtribe Pterostylidinae (Orchidaceae), reaffirming Pterostylis in the broad sense. Australian Systematic Botany 23: 260–269.
Jones, D.L.; Clements, M.A. 2002: A New Classification of Pterostylis R.Br. (Orchidaceae). Australian Orchid Research 4: 64–124.
Jones, D.L.; Clements, M.A.; Molloy, B.P.J 2002: A Synopsis of the Subtribe Pterostylidinae. Australian Orchid Research 4: 129–146. [as Diplodium brumale (L.B.Moore) D.L.Jones, Molloy & M.A.Clem.]
Moore, L.B. 1968: Taxonomic notes on New Zealand Monocotyledons. New Zealand Journal of Botany 6: 473–492.
Parsons, M.J.; Douglass, P.; Macmillan, B.H. 1998: Current Names List for wild Gymnosperms, Dicotyledons and Monocotyledons (except Grasses) of New Zealand as used in Herbarium CHR. Version 1, to 31 Dec 1995. Manaaki Whenua Press, Lincoln, Canterbury, New Zealand.