Scientific Name:
Rhaphiolepis umbellata (Thunb.) Makino, Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 16: 13 (1902)
  • Laurus umbellata Thunb. in Murray, Syst. Veg., ed. 14 (J. A. Murray) 384 (1784)
  • = Rhaphiolepis ovata Briot
  • Rhaphiolepis umbellata f. ovata (Briot) C.K.Schneid.
Vernacular Name(s):
sexton's bride; Yedda hawthorn; Yeddo hawthorn

Rounded, bushy shrub up to c. 3 m high when mature; branches mostly spreading; young stems tomentose but soon becoming glabrous and shiny. Lvs distributed along younger stems; petiole 10–15 mm long, the upper 1/2 with tapering wing, greenish; blade coriaceous and stiff, broadly elliptic-obovate to suborbicular, 40–85 × 30–50 mm, rounded or slightly mucronate at apex, narrowly to broadly cuneate at base, pale brown tomentose at first but becoming glabrous on both surfaces, dark green and glossy above, paler below with a prominent network of veins; margins slightly recurved and entire or obscurely serrate in upper part of blade; stipules triangular, reddish. Infl. an erect, terminal, often ± pyramidal panicle, 40–70 mm long, with up to c. 20 fls; pedicels 4–7–(10) mm long, stout, brown, pilose. Sepals connate at base; lobes triangular, 3–4 mm long, acute, pilose, purplish or reddish, ± erect to spreading. Petals free, spreading, obovate, (6)–7–9–(11) × 5–8 mm, blunt, white. Stamens < petals; filaments pink. Fr. obovoid or subglobose, c. 6–12 mm diam., purplish black.

[From: Webb et al. (1988) Flora of New Zealand. Volume 4.]

Number of subspecific taxa in New Zealand within Rhaphiolepis umbellata (Thunb.) Makino
Exotic: Fully Naturalised1

Flowering: Jul.–Dec.; Fruiting: Mar.–Apr.

Biosecurity New Zealand 2012: Regional Pest Management Strategies Database.
Howell, C. 2008: Consolidated list of environmental weeds in New Zealand. DOC Research & Development Series 292: 42.
Liu, B-B.; Wang, Y-B.; Hong, D-Y.; Wen, J. 2020: A synopsis of the expanded Rhaphiolepis (Maleae, Rosaceae). PhytoKeys 154: 19–55.
Makino, T. 1902: Observations on the flora of Japan (contd.). Botanical Magazine (Tokyo) 16: 10–16.