Scientific Name:
Scrophularia auriculata L., Sp. Pl. 620 (1753)
Vernacular Name(s):
Water betony; Water figwort

Perennial, lacking nodular roots; stems to c. 80 cm high, narrowly winged just below infl. and above first few cymes. Petioles to 10 cm long on basal lvs, much less on stem lvs. Lamina 6–18 × 2–6 cm, smaller below infl., oblong, ovate-oblong or elliptic-oblong, hairy at first, becoming glabrous above and often glabrate below later, crenate or less commonly crenate-serrate; base subcordate to rounded, sometimes very oblique or with 1–2 small basal leaflets; apex obtuse or rounded. Cymes in panicles in the axils of mostly linear bracts, shortly glandular hairy; rachis angled. Pedicels usually several × > fls, but sometimes shorter. Calyx 2–3.5 mm long; lobes broad-ovate with scarious margin 0.5–1 mm wide and becoming lacerate. Corolla 7–10 mm long, greenish below, reddish brown or purplish brown above, especially the erect, rounded larger lobes of the upper lip. Staminode orbicular or suborbicular, entire. Capsule c. 5 mm long, ovoid or subglobose. Seed ribbed, ± truncate or obtuse.

[From: Webb et al. (1988) Flora of New Zealand. Volume 4.]


Flowering: Aug.–Apr.