Subordinate Taxa
Scientific Name:
Taxaceae Gray
  • = Cephalotaxaceae Neger

Evergreen dioecious trees and shrubs with thin bark.  Lvs spirally inserted, appearing 2-ranked, usually not resinous.  ♂ fls (microsporophylls) axillary, solitary or aggregated into cones or heads (strobili), each with a terminal peltate shield bearing 2–14 anthers (microsporangia).  ♀ fls (macrosporangia) solitary or paired in the axils of decussate scale lvs on reduced vegetative shoots, not forming a cone;  ovule solitary, erect, terminal, on a direct continuation of a very short floral axis, and thus ovule not borne on a scale.  Seed with 1 integument, partly or wholly surrounded by an aril which becomes fleshy and often brightly coloured, wingless;  cotyledons 2.

[From:  Webb et al. (1988) Flora of New Zealand. Volume 4.]

Number of species in New Zealand within Taxaceae Gray
Exotic: Fully Naturalised1
Connor, H.E. 1977: The Poisonous Plants in New Zealand. Edition 2. Government Printer, Wellington.
Connor, H.E.; Fountain, J. 2009: Plants that Poison: A New Zealand Guide. Manaaki Whenua Press, Lincoln.
Mabberley, D.J. 2008: Mabberley's plant book, a portable dictionary of plants, their classification and uses. Edition 3. Cambridge University Press.