Scientific Name:
Watsonia Mill., Fig. Pl. Gard. Dict. 2, 184 (1758), nom. cons.
  • = Lomenia Pourr., Hist. & Mém. Acad. Roy. Sci. Toulouse 3: 74 (1788) nom. rej.
Vernacular Name(s):
Bugle lily; Watsonia

Robust summer-green perennial. Corm large, rotund to flattened, with coarsely fibrous tunic, fibres linear or reticulate. Leaves both basal and cauline, broadly ensiform, distichous, equitant, usually tough and fibrous. Inflorescence spicate or shortly branched. Flowers many, large, distichous, usually zygomorphic, white, pink, mauve or red, each within 2 stiff striate spathe-valves with variable apices; tube curved, narrow-cylindric below, broadly or narrowly funnel-shaped above; lobes subequal, spreading, usually < tube. Stamens usually asymmetric. Style-branches 3, shortly bifid. Capsule oblong. Seeds many, winged.

[From: Healy and Edgar (1980) Flora of New Zealand. Volume 3.]

Number of species in New Zealand within Watsonia Mill.
Exotic: Fully Naturalised2
Exotic: Casual5
Hobbs, J.; Hatch, T. 1994: Bulbs for New Zealand Gardens. Godwit Press, Auckland.
Mabberley, D.J. 2008: Mabberley's plant book, a portable dictionary of plants, their classification and uses. Edition 3. Cambridge University Press.
Miller, P. 1758–1760: Figures of Plants in the Gardeners Dictionary. Vol. 2.
Pourret, P.A. 1788: De deux nouveaux genres de la famille les Liliacées, défignés sous le nom de Lomenia de Lapeirousia. Histoire et Mémoires de l'Academie Royale des Sciences, Inscriptions et Belles Lettres de Toulouse. 3: 73–82.