Subordinate Taxa
Scientific Name:
Annonaceae Juss.

Trees, shrubs or lianes, usually aromatic.  Lvs alternate, entire, exstipulate.  Fls in fascicles, panicles or sometimes solitary, usually ☿, actinomorphic;  receptacle flat to conic.  Sepals (2)–3, free or united, deciduous or persistent, ± valvate, green, yellow or purplish.  Petals usually 6, rarely 3–4, in 2 rows, valvate or imbricate in each whorl, sometimes outer valvate and inner somewhat imbricate, of similar colour to sepals.  Stamens usually numerous, rarely few, spirally arranged;  filaments very short and thick, or 0;  anthers 2-locular, adnate to connective and often hidden by it, nearly always extrorse.  Ovary superior;  carpels few to numerous, usually free.  Ovules 1-numerous; placentation basal or parietal;  styles thick, short, usually free.  Fr. of stalked, free carpels, or more rarely carpels united and fr. with 1-many locules, dry or succulent, usually indehiscent.  Seeds with abundant ruminate endosperm, often arillate;  embryo minute.

[From:  Webb et al. (1988) Flora of New Zealand. Volume 4.]

Number of species in New Zealand within Annonaceae Juss.
Exotic: Fully Naturalised1
Cronquist, A. 1988: The evolution and classification of flowering plants. The New York Botanic Gardens, New York.
Mabberley, D.J. 2008: Mabberley's plant book, a portable dictionary of plants, their classification and uses. Edition 3. Cambridge University Press.