Subordinate Taxa
Scientific Name:

Small soft-wooded trees or shrubs, occasionally herbs, mostly dioecious, sometimes monoecious, andromonoecious, or ☿;  sap milky.  Lvs alternate, usually in terminal clusters, often palmately lobed or compound, exstipulate.  Fls axillary, regular, in racemes or cymose corymbs, sometimes solitary.  ♂ fls:  calyx 5-lobed or toothed, small;  corolla gamopetalous, forming a tube;  lobes contorted or valvate;  stamens 5–10, epipetalous, sessile, in 2 rows;  pistil rudimentary or 0.  ♀ fls:  solitary or few together; calyx as in ♂;  corolla at first connivent at base, later free; staminodes 0;  ovary superior, sessile, 1-locular or appearing 5-locular by invagination; placentas parietal;  ovules numerous;  stigmas 5, sessile or nearly so, fimbriate or flabellate, sometimes appearing petaloid. ☿ fls (if present):  corolla tube very short;  stamens 5, attached to ovary base by long filaments.  Fr. a fleshy berry, sometimes very large. Seed numerous, endospermic.

[From:  Webb et al. (1988) Flora of New Zealand. Volume 4.]

Number of species in New Zealand within Caricaceae
Exotic: Fully Naturalised1
Cronquist, A. 1988: The evolution and classification of flowering plants. The New York Botanic Gardens, New York.
Mabberley, D.J. 2008: Mabberley's plant book, a portable dictionary of plants, their classification and uses. Edition 3. Cambridge University Press.