Nomenclature
Scientific Name:
Cucurbitaceae
 Description

Monoecious or dioecious herbs;  stems scandent or prostrate, creeping, mostly scabrid.  Tendrils commonly present, lateral, simple or branched, spirally coiled.  Fls generally solitary, actinomorphic, 5-merous.  ♂ fls: calyx united, the lobes imbricate or not touching;  petals gamopetalous or free;  stamens (1)–3–(5), free or variously united;  one anther always 1-locular, the others 2-locular, mostly syngenesious and contorted;  connective often produced.  ♀ fls:  calyx adnate to ovary and often produced above; petals similar to those of ♂ fls;  staminodes often present;  ovary nearly always inferior;  placentas (2)–3–(5), parietal but usually projecting into ovary cavity;  ovules mostly numerous;  styles usually simple;  stigmas thick, usually divided.  Fr. nearly always fleshy, mostly indehiscent, often large, with a thick skin or rind and a pulpy interior with embedded seeds.  Seeds non-endospermic, generally flattened.

[From:  Webb et al. (1988) Flora of New Zealand. Volume 4.]

 Biostatus
Indigenous (Non-endemic)
Number of species in New Zealand within Cucurbitaceae
CategoryNumber
Indigenous (Endemic)1
Indigenous (Non-endemic)1
Exotic: Fully Naturalised8
Exotic: Casual2
Total12
 Bibliography
Cronquist, A. 1988: The evolution and classification of flowering plants. The New York Botanic Gardens, New York.
Mabberley, D.J. 2008: Mabberley's plant book, a portable dictionary of plants, their classification and uses. Edition 3. Cambridge University Press.