Subordinate Taxa
Scientific Name:

Mostly annual or perennial herbs, occasionally climbing, sometimes shrubs, usually glabrous.  Lvs simple, usually opposite, entire, exstipulate, bitter-tasting, very rarely reduced to scales.  Infl. commonly a dichasial cyme, sometimes a fascicle, umbel, or fls solitary.  Fls usually ☿, rarely unisexual, usually actinomorphic, 4–6–(14)-merous.  Calyx gamosepalous, usually deeply lobed, persistent. Corolla cylindric to funnelform, campanulate or rotate, often with scales or glands;  lobes contorted in the bud, ± persistent.  Stamens epipetalous, as many as corolla segments, usually free.  Ovary superior, 2-carpellate, 1–(2)-locular, with 2 parietal placentae, sometimes walls intrusive;  ovules many;  style 1 or 0;  stigma usually 2-lobed.  Fr. usually a septicidal, 2-valved capsule, rarely baccate.  Seeds usually numerous and minute, endospermic.

[From:  Webb et al. (1988) Flora of New Zealand. Volume 4.]

Number of species in New Zealand within Gentianaceae
Indigenous (Endemic)30
Indigenous (Non-endemic)1
Exotic: Fully Naturalised3
Cronquist, A. 1988: The evolution and classification of flowering plants. The New York Botanic Gardens, New York.
Mabberley, D.J. 2008: Mabberley's plant book, a portable dictionary of plants, their classification and uses. Edition 3. Cambridge University Press.