Subordinate Taxa
 Nomenclature
Scientific Name:
Melastomataceae
 Description

Herbs, shrubs or trees, occasionally climbers.  Lvs simple, usually opposite and decussate, rarely whorled, characteristically with 3–7 strong longitudinal veins and horizontal transverse veins between;  stipules 0.  Infl. of various forms of cyme, sometimes fls solitary.  Fls ☿, with perianth (but not stamens and style) actinomorphic, often large and conspicuous, with an urn-shaped calyx tube (hypanthium) bearing sepals, petals and stamens.  Calyx free or adnate to ovary;  lobes usually 4–5, usually imbricate, rarely valvate. Petals usually 4–5, imbricate, usually free, rarely united at base.  Stamens usually twice, sometimes as many as petals, equal or unequal;  filaments free, often geniculate and inflexed;  anthers basifixed, usually opening by a single pore;  connective thickened, often with basal elongated appendages.  Ovary usually inferior, (1)–4–5-(many)-locular.  Ovules numerous;  placentae usually axile, rarely basal or parietal;  style and stigma 1.  Fr. a berry or capsule.  Seeds numerous, usually minute, non-endospermic.

[From:  Webb et al. (1988) Flora of New Zealand. Volume 4.]

 Biostatus
Exotic
Number of species in New Zealand within Melastomataceae
CategoryNumber
Exotic: Fully Naturalised1
Exotic: Casual3
Total4
 Bibliography
Cronquist, A. 1988: The evolution and classification of flowering plants. The New York Botanic Gardens, New York.
Mabberley, D.J. 2008: Mabberley's plant book, a portable dictionary of plants, their classification and uses. Edition 3. Cambridge University Press.
Mabberley, D.J. 2017: Mabberley's plant book, a portable dictionary of plants, their classification and uses. Edition 4. Cambridge University Press.