Scientific Name:

Trees and shrubs;  shoots commonly prominently lenticellate.  Lvs usually opposite and exstipulate.  Fls regular, ☿ or unisexual, in racemes, panicles or fascicles, often fragrant.  Calyx usually 4-lobed, sometimes minute or 0.  Corolla 4–(12)-lobed, sometimes of free petals, sometimes 0.  Stamens 2–(5), often epipetalous and with short filaments.  Ovary superior, 2-celled, with 2–(10) ovules per cell;  style short or 0;  stigmas simple or 2-lobed.  Fr. a drupe, berry, capsule or samara.  Seeds usually 1–4, endospermic or non-endospermic.

[From:  Webb et al. (1988) Flora of New Zealand. Volume 4.]

Number of species and named hybrids in New Zealand within Oleaceae
Indigenous (Endemic)3
Indigenous (Non-endemic)1
Exotic: Fully Naturalised13
Exotic: Casual4
Connor, H.E. 1977: The Poisonous Plants in New Zealand. Edition 2. Government Printer, Wellington.
Connor, H.E.; Fountain, J. 2009: Plants that Poison: A New Zealand Guide. Manaaki Whenua Press, Lincoln.
Cronquist, A. 1988: The evolution and classification of flowering plants. The New York Botanic Gardens, New York.
Mabberley, D.J. 2008: Mabberley's plant book, a portable dictionary of plants, their classification and uses. Edition 3. Cambridge University Press.