Subordinate Taxa
Scientific Name:

Herbs, shrubs, occasionally climbers.  Lvs alternate, exstipulate, commonly in basal rosettes.  Infl. spicate, paniculate, or capitate, simple or cymosely branched, often scapose;  fls often aggregated into small bracteate spikelets. Bracts often sheathing, dry and scarious.  Fls 5-merous, ☿. Calyx gamosepalous, tubular below, usually scarious, sometimes partly membranous;  lobes often conspicuously ribbed and pleated, often persistent. Corolla mostly gamopetalous, imbricate, often connate only near base, sometimes tube long.  Stamens antipetalous, ± epipetalous, but sometimes only adnate to base of segments.  Disc 0.  Ovary superior, usually sessile, 1-locular; placenta basal;  ovule 1, pendulous;  styles 5, or 1 with 5 stigmatic lobes. Fr. dry, membranous, indehiscent or regularly or irregularly dehiscent, surrounded by calyx.  Seed with mealy endosperm.

[From:  Webb et al. (1988) Flora of New Zealand. Volume 4.]

Number of species in New Zealand within Plumbaginaceae
Exotic: Fully Naturalised1
Exotic: Casual6
Cronquist, A. 1988: The evolution and classification of flowering plants. The New York Botanic Gardens, New York.
Mabberley, D.J. 2008: Mabberley's plant book, a portable dictionary of plants, their classification and uses. Edition 3. Cambridge University Press.