Scientific Name:
Rhaphiolepis Lindl., Bot. Reg. 6: 468 (1820), nom. cons. – as Raphiolepis
  • = Eriobotrya Lindl., Trans. Linn. Soc. London 13: 96, 102 (1822)

Evergreen shrubs or small trees, not armed, with a ± widespreading habit, often becoming nearly glabrous.  Lvs alternate, mostly towards branchlet tips, simple, serrate or entire, coriaceous;  stipules small, ± deciduous.  Fls in terminal racemes, corymbs or panicles, often somewhat showy, 5-merous, ☿, shortly pedicellate, medium-sized; pedicels and infl. branches sometimes downy.  Hypanthium tubular, closed at apex.  Epicalyx 0.  Calyx tube adnate to ovary at base, lobed above with sepals deciduous at fruiting.  Petals ± spreading, ± ciliate, white to reddish.  Stamens 15–20, inserted in mouth of calyx tube.  Ovary inferior; carpels 2;  styles 2, elongated and fused at base;  ovules 2 in each locule.  Fr. a pome, subglobose, small, often bluish or purplish black, 1–2-locular;  carpel walls leathery;  seeds 1-few, rather large.

[From:  Webb et al. (1988) Flora of New Zealand. Volume 4.]

Number of species and named hybrids in New Zealand within Rhaphiolepis Lindl.
Exotic: Fully Naturalised1
Exotic: Casual2
1820: Botanical Register; Consisting of Coloured Figures of Exotic Plants Cultivated in British Gardens; accompanied by their History, best Method of Treatment in Cultivation, Propagation. London 6
Lindley, J. 1822: Observations on the Natural Group of Plants called Pomaceae. Transactions of the Linnean Society of London 13: 88–106.
Liu, B-B.; Wang, Y-B.; Hong, D-Y.; Wen, J. 2020: A synopsis of the expanded Rhaphiolepis (Maleae, Rosaceae). PhytoKeys 154: 19–55.
Mabberley, D.J. 2008: Mabberley's plant book, a portable dictionary of plants, their classification and uses. Edition 3. Cambridge University Press.