Scientific Name:
Argyranthemum frutescens (L.) Sch.Bip.
  • Chrysanthemum frutescens L., Sp. Pl. 887–888 (1753)
  • = Chrysanthemum anethifolium Brouss. ex Willd.
  • = Pyrethrum foeniculaceum Willd.
  • Argyranthemum foeniculaceum (Willd.) Webb ex Sch.Bip.
  • Chrysanthemum foeniculaceum (Willd.) Steud.
Vernacular Name(s):
Marguerite; Paris daisy

Aromatic, much-branched, glabrous shrub up to c. 1 m tall, becoming distinctly woody toward base. Stems striate. Lvs glaucous to green, ovate, cuneately narrowed to winged petiole, 2–3-pinnatisect, up to c. 12 × 5 cm; segments all in one plane, very variable in width, from all similar and linear or subulate, to primary segments broad and pinnatisect to c. 1/2 way with narrow ultimate segments; uppermost cauline lvs smaller and sometimes 1-pinnatisect. Involucral bracts 5–15 mm long; margins membranous; at least the inner bracts with large apical flap. Capitula few to many in corymbs, or sometimes solitary, 20–50–(80) mm diam.; ray florets (8)–12–28; ligules usually white, rarely pink; disc florets numerous, yellow. Achenes pale brown, eglandular; achenes of ray florets 3–5 mm long, 3–(4)-angled, with 2–3 angles broadly winged and others narrowly winged, faces smooth or shallowly ribbed, and an irregularly lobed corona 1–1.5 mm long; achenes of disc florets 2–3 mm long, obconic, laterally flattened, mostly ± 4-angled with inner angle winged, surfaces smooth or ribbed, and an irregularly lobed corona up to 0.5 mm long; innermost achenes often ± terete, 10-ribbed, not winged.

[From: Webb et al. (1988) Flora of New Zealand. Volume 4.]


Flowering: Nov.–Feb.–(Oct.)

2006: Asteridae (in part): Asteraceae, part 2. Flora of North America Editorial Committee (ed.) Flora of North America. Vol. 20. Oxford University Press, New York. [as Argyranthemum foeniculaceum (Willd.) Webb ex Sch.Bip.; Chrysanthemum anethifolium Brouss. ex Willd.]
Linnaeus, C. 1753: Species Plantarum. Impensis Laurentii Salvii, Stockholm.