Subordinate Taxa
Scientific Name:
Arundo L. (1753)

Tall, robust, perennial reeds, with stout creeping rhizomes, stout, hollow culms, wide flat cauline leaves, and large panicles. Ligule membranous, ciliate. Leaf-blade linear, long-tapering. Culm erect, sometimes almost woody. Inflorescence a terminal, dense, plume-like panicle, with fascicled lower branches. Spikelets 2–4-flowered, laterally compressed, all florets ☿; disarticulation above glumes and between florets; rachilla prolonged. Glumes 3–5-nerved, persistent, ± equal. Lemma 3–7-nerved, covered with long, soft hairs from below, usually bidentate, with central awn from the sinus. Palea < lemma, keels densely ciliate. Lodicules 2, glabrous, irregularly toothed. Stamens 3. Fig. 15.

[From: Edgar and Connor (2000) Flora of New Zealand. Volume 5 (second printing).]

Number of species in New Zealand within Arundo L.
Exotic: Fully Naturalised1
Mabberley, D.J. 2008: Mabberley's plant book, a portable dictionary of plants, their classification and uses. Edition 3. Cambridge University Press.