Scientific Name:
Danthonia decumbens (L.) DC., Fl. Franç. (ed. 3), 333 (1805)
  • Festuca decumbens L., Sp. Pl. 75 (1753)
  • Sieglingia decumbens (L.) Bernh. (1800)
  • Triodia decumbens (L.) P.Beauv., Ess. Agrostogr. 179 (1812)

Densely tufted, dull green, rather stiff perennials, 12–50 cm; innovations extravaginal; cataphylls shining, cream. Leaf-sheath rounded to keeled above, usually with scattered long fine hairs or glabrous, strongly ribbed, light green or creamy brown, darker and fibrous at maturity; apical tufts of soft hairs to 2 mm. Ligule a short ring of hairs 0.3–0.7 mm, and often ± forming a contra-ligule. Leaf-blade 4–15–(30) cm × 1.5–3 mm, flat or involute, firm, with long soft hairs or glabrous, scabrid on nerves and on margins near curved boat-shaped tip. Culm 10–45 cm, erect or spreading, internodes smooth except a few prickle-teeth on angles below panicle. Panicle 2–6 cm, compact, with 3–9 spikelets on erect or somewhat pulvinately spreading finely scabrid branches, inflorescence sometimes a raceme. Spikelets 6–14 mm, 4–6-flowered, elliptic or oblong, plump, purplish or green, flowers ☿. Glumes persistent, equal, ≤ spikelet, 3–5-nerved, ovate-lanceolate, firmly membranous with wide transparent margins, rounded below, keeled above and finely scabrid on midnerve, acute or obtuse. Lemma 5–8 mm, 7–9-nerved, elliptic, subcoriaceous, rounded and glabrous, but with a line of hairs at each margin from base to about midway, shortly 3-lobed above and finely scabrid there on margins and apex, awnless. Palea coriaceous, < lemma; keels and obtuse apex short-ciliate, keels thickened near base. Callus c. 0.2 mm, lateral thick tuft of hairs to 1.25 mm. Rachilla prolongation c. 0.5 mm. Lodicules 2, 1 mm, nerved, truncate, hair tipped, 0 in cleistogamous florets. Stamens 3, anthers 1.25 mm in chasmogamous flowers, 0.3–0.5 mm in cleistogamous flowers. Gynoecium: ovary 0.5–0.75 mm, glabrous; stigma-styles 1.5 mm, subterminal, sparsely branched. Caryopsis 2–2.5 × 0.8–1.4 mm; embryo c. 0.8 mm; hilum linear, almost 1 mm.

[From: Edgar and Connor (2000) Flora of New Zealand. Volume 5 as Sieglingia decumbens (L.) Bernh.]

Candolle, A. P. de. 1805: Flore Française. Vol. 4. Edition 3. Desray, Paris.
Edgar, E.; Connor, H.E. 2010: Flora of New Zealand Volume V Grasses. Edition 2. Manaaki Whenua Press.
Linnaeus, C. 1753: Species Plantarum. Impensis Laurentii Salvii, Stockholm.
Palisot de Beauvois, A.M.F.J. 1812: Essai d'une Nouvelle Agrostographie. Paris.