Scientific Name:
Gastrodia R.Br., Prodr. Fl. Nov. Holland. 330 (1810)

Raceme of few to many pedicellate fls; floral bracts short, scarious. Per. tubular with 5 fleshy lobes, ± split between the lateral sepals which stand uppermost; tube gibbous beneath labellum; petal lobes small and just within mouth of tube. Labellum included, adnate to gibbous part of tube, its free portion ± oblong with submedian longitudinal calli and undulate margins. Column us. long, very narrowly winged; anther terminal, erect then bending forward, pollen in angular granules; stigma broad, basal, hollow; rostellum represented by flap under anther. Plants terrestrial, non-green; rhizome elongated, sympodially branched, mycorrhizal, bulky and filled with starch, nodes bearing remnants of scale lvs. Lvs represented on erect stem only by short loose sheathing scales.

[From: Moore and Edgar (1970) Flora of New Zealand. Volume 2.]

Indigenous (Non-endemic)
Number of species in New Zealand within Gastrodia R.Br.
Indigenous (Endemic)4
Indigenous (Non-endemic)1
Brown, R. 1810: Prodromus Florae Novae Hollandiae et Insulae Van-Diemen. Johnson, London.
Mabberley, D.J. 2008: Mabberley's plant book, a portable dictionary of plants, their classification and uses. Edition 3. Cambridge University Press.