Scientific Name:
Hierochloe novae-zelandiae Gand., 66: 300 (1920)
Vernacular Name(s):
Alpine holy grass

Slender, dense to lax tufts, to somewhat rhizomatous. Leaf-sheath glabrous, ± striate. Ligule 0.5–1 mm, membranous. Collar thick recurved occasionally with a few hairs. Leaf-blade 2–10 cm × 1.5–3 mm, tapering, scabrid or glabrous, shallowly ribbed; margins toothed. Culm 20–40 cm, internodes glabrous. Panicle 5–10 cm, very lax, spreading, branches glabrous filiform, 1–2 at each node, pedicels glabrous 1–5 mm, spikelets congested in 3s or 4s. Glumes obovate, apiculate, subacute to obtuse, membranous with scarious margins above, 3-nerved; upper 3.5–4 mm. Florets > glumes, light brown at maturity. ♂ florets: lemma 3.25–4 mm, oblong, ovate, glabrous below, finely scabrid to pubescent above, margins silky ciliate; awns 1–3 mm, slender, ± straight, insertion 2.5–3.5 mm above base; palea 2.5–3.5 mm, hairs on keels to base and elsewhere, bifid apex ciliate; lodicules 0.75–1.25 mm, ± ovate, acute, irregularly lobed, ciliate; callus hairs to 1 mm; anthers 1.5–2–2.5 mm. ☿ floret: lemma 2.5–3.5 mm, ovate, truncate, glabrous below hairy, muticous or mucronate apex; mucro subapical, 0.5–1 mm; palea 2.5–3 mm, oblong-ovate, 1–(2) keels hairy to base; lodicules 0.7–1.25 mm, ciliate; anthers (0.9)–1.2–1.9 mm; gynoecium: ovary 1 mm, stigma-styles 2.75–3.5 mm; caryopsis 2 × 0.75 mm, embryo c. 0.5 mm, hilum 0.5 mm.

[From: Edgar and Connor (2000) Flora of New Zealand. Volume 5 (second printing).]

Indigenous (Endemic)
de Lange, P.J.; Rolfe, J.R.; Barkla J.W.; Courtney, S.P.; Champion, P.D.; Perrie, L.R.; Beadel, S.N.; Ford, K.A.; Breitwieser, I.; Schönberger, I.; Hindmarsh-Walls, R.; Heenan, P.B.; Ladley, K. 2018: Conservation status of New Zealand indigenous vascular plants, 2017. New Zealand Threat Classification Series. No. 22. [Not Threatened]
de Lange, P.J.; Rolfe, J.R.; Champion, P.D.; Courtney, S.P.; Heenan, P.B.; Barkla, J.W.; Cameron, E.K.; Norton, D.A.; Hitchmough, R.A. 2013: Conservation status of New Zealand indigenous vascular plants, 2012. New Zealand Threat Classification Series 3. Department of Conservation, Wellington. [Not Threatened]
Gandoger, M. 1920: Sertum Plantarum Novarum. Pars Secunda; (Suite). Bull.Soc.Bot.France 66: 286–307.
Zotov, V. D. 1973: Hierochloe R. Br. (Gramineae) in New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Botany 11: 561–580.