Scientific Name:
Leptinella maniototo (Petrie) D.G.Lloyd & C.J.Webb, New Zealand J. Bot. 25: 103 (1987)
  • Cotula maniototo Petrie, Trans. & Proc. New Zealand Inst. 14: 339-340 (1882)
The epithet maniototo refers to the place name Maniototo Plain (Otago) where the plant is found.

A very small perennial (occ. annual) herb forming loose patches or an inconspicuous low matted turf. Rhizomes at or near soil surface, slender, less than 1 mm diam., often hidden within leaves, ± villous, becoming wiry and glabrous when older; branches often difficult to discern, poorly differentiated from short shoots; leaves crowded in two rows, ± horizontal, up to 10 clustered at the apex, imbricate or older ones gradually becoming up to 4 mm apart; short shoots at most nodes, initially with a few reduced leaves in the axils of rhizome leaves, often converted into rhizomes with distant leaves. Roots abundant, slender, up to 0.5 mm diam., white. Leaves variable, 0.2-2.5 cm long; blade up to 2.0 cm long, either 1-pinnatifid, lanceolate or oblong and up to 2 mm wide or (especially in winter) simple, linear and ca. 0.5 mm wide, thin, grass-green and glabrous to silky white and densely villous; midrib not raised on ventral surface; pinnae 0 or 1-2 minute lobes or up to 6 pairs, distant, subequal, shorter than the terminal lobe, linear, narrower than the rhachis, without teeth. Peduncles very short, less than 1 mm long, nude. Monoecious. Heads almost sessile, small, 2-3 mm diam.; surface convex; involucre campanulate; phyllaries ca. 10 in 1-2 subequal rows, oblong, rather thin, green villous, with wide brown or reddish scarious margin, not growing after anthesis; pistillate florets 15-20 in 1-2 rows, ca. 2.0 mm long, straight, pale yellow and red-tipped; corolla four times as long as wide, with equal teeth; staminate florets ca. equal in number. Achenes up to 1.0 × 0.3 mm, slightly compressed, biconvex, green turning chocolate brown, unwrinkled and soft. Flowers in summer.

[Reproduced from Lloyd (1972, New Zealand J. Bot. 10: 277–372, as Cotula maniototo Petrie) with permission from The Royal Society of New Zealand.]

Indigenous (Endemic)
de Lange, P.J.; Norton, D.A.; Courtney, S.P.; Heenan, P.B.; Barkla, J.W.; Cameron, E.K.; Hitchmough, R.; Townsend, A.J. 2009: Threatened and uncommon plants of New Zealand (2008 revision). New Zealand Journal of Botany 47: 61–96. [Data deficient]
de Lange, P.J.; Rolfe, J.R.; Barkla J.W.; Courtney, S.P.; Champion, P.D.; Perrie, L.R.; Beadel, S.N.; Ford, K.A.; Breitwieser, I.; Schönberger, I.; Hindmarsh-Walls, R.; Heenan, P.B.; Ladley, K. 2018: Conservation status of New Zealand indigenous vascular plants, 2017. New Zealand Threat Classification Series. No. 22. [Relic]
de Lange, P.J.; Rolfe, J.R.; Champion, P.D.; Courtney, S.P.; Heenan, P.B.; Barkla, J.W.; Cameron, E.K.; Norton, D.A.; Hitchmough, R.A. 2013: Conservation status of New Zealand indigenous vascular plants, 2012. New Zealand Threat Classification Series 3. Department of Conservation, Wellington. [Not Threatened]
Lloyd, D.G. 1972: A revision of the New Zealand, Subantarctic, and South American species of Cotula, section Leptinella. New Zealand Journal of Botany 10: 277–372. [as Cotula maniototo Petrie]
Lloyd, D.G.; Webb, C. J. 1987: The reinstatement of Leptinella at generic rank, and the status of the 'Cotuleae' (Asteraceae, Anthemideae). New Zealand Journal of Botany 25: 99–105.
Petrie, D. 1882: Descriptions of New Plants. Transactions and Proceedings of the New Zealand Institute 14: 362–364.