Scientific Name:
Paspalum L., Syst. Nat., ed. 10. 846 (1759)

Perennials, of various habit. Leaf-sheath open or closed below. Ligule membranous, glabrous. Collar often bearded. Leaf-blade flat or convolute, rolled in bud. Culm simple or branched. Inflorescence paniculate, of spike-like racemes, these solitary, digitate or scattered along a simple common rachis. Racemes bearing subsessile to short-pedicelled, ± appressed, single or paired spikelets in two rows along one side of narrow or wing-like rachis. Spikelets lanceolate to oblong or orbicular, awnless, dorsally compressed, usually planoconvex, falling entire at maturity, 2-flowered, florets awnless; lower floret Ø, reduced to a lemma; upper floret ☿. Glumes membranous; lower usually 0, rarely a small scale, upper ≈ spikelet. Lower floret: lemma similar in size and texture to upper glume but less convex, or flat; palea 0 or vestigial. Upper floret: lemma ± crustaceous, glabrous, usually obtuse with firm inrolled margins; palea ≈ lemma and similar in texture; lodicules 2, minute, broadly cuneate, rather fleshy; stamens 3; ovary apex glabrous, styles subterminal, free; caryopsis ± biconvex, embryo < ½ length of caryopsis, hilum subbasal, punctiform.

[From: Edgar and Connor (2000) Flora of New Zealand. Volume 5 (second printing).]

Indigenous (Non-endemic)
Number of species in New Zealand within Paspalum L.
Indigenous (Non-endemic)1
Exotic: Fully Naturalised7
Linnaeus, C. von 1759: Systema naturae per regna tria naturae :secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Vol. 2. Edition 10. Stockholm.
Mabberley, D.J. 2008: Mabberley's plant book, a portable dictionary of plants, their classification and uses. Edition 3. Cambridge University Press.