Subordinate Taxa
 Nomenclature
Scientific Name:
Phytolaccaceae
 Description

Herbs or shrubs, erect or climbing, rarely softly wooded trees.  Lvs alternate, simple, entire, usually exstipulate.  Fls usually ☿, rarely unisexual, usually actinomorphic, in terminal, axillary or sometimes  lf-opposed racemes or spikes, bracteate and bracteolate.  Perianth (calyx) of free or partly united tepals;  tepals 4–10, green or coloured, equal or unequal, imbricate, often persistent.  Corolla 0.  Stamens generally 4–10 and alternate to tepals, or more numerous;  filaments free or connate at base, usually inserted on a prominent hypogynous disc.  Ovary superior, of 2–16, free or connate carpels, generally with 1 basal ovule to each carpel.  Style short or 0; stigmas as many as carpels.  Fr. usually a berry-like drupe, rarely an achene, capsule, or a true berry.  Seed with annular embryo, with or without an aril, endospermic.

[From:  Webb et al. (1988) Flora of New Zealand. Volume 4.]

 Biostatus
Exotic
Number of species in New Zealand within Phytolaccaceae
CategoryNumber
Exotic: Fully Naturalised3
Total3
 Bibliography
Connor, H.E. 1977: The Poisonous Plants in New Zealand. Edition 2. Government Printer, Wellington.
Cronquist, A. 1988: The evolution and classification of flowering plants. The New York Botanic Gardens, New York.
Mabberley, D.J. 2008: Mabberley's plant book, a portable dictionary of plants, their classification and uses. Edition 3. Cambridge University Press.