Scientific Name:
Plantaginaceae Juss.
  • = Hippuridaceae
  • = Callitrichaceae

Herbs or occasionally subshrubs. Lvs usually all radical, sometimes cauline, alternate or opposite, simple, sometimes reduced, exstipulate, generally sheathing at base. Fls usually in spikes, small, actinomorphic, usually ☿, bracteate. Calyx herbaceous or scarious; sepals 4, often connate at base, persistent. Corolla gamopetalous; segments (3)–4, imbricate, scarious. Stamens (1)–4, epipetalous or inserted at base of perianth; anthers versatile, 2-locular. Ovary superior, 1–4-locular; style 1; ovules 1-many; placentation axile or basal. Fr. a circumscissile capsule or hard indehiscent nut. Seed endospermic; embryo straight.

[From: Webb et al. (1988) Flora of New Zealand. Volume 4.]

Number of species and named hybrids in New Zealand within Plantaginaceae Juss.
Indigenous (Endemic)145
Indigenous (Non-endemic)9
Indigenous (Non-endemic): Sometimes present1
Exotic: Fully Naturalised38
Exotic: Casual12
Exotic: Presence uncertain1
Origin uncertain: Present in wild2
Cronquist, A. 1988: The evolution and classification of flowering plants. The New York Botanic Gardens, New York.
Mabberley, D.J. 2008: Mabberley's plant book, a portable dictionary of plants, their classification and uses. Edition 3. Cambridge University Press.