Scientific Name:
Quercus ilex L., Sp. Pl. 995 (1753) – as Ilex
Vernacular Name(s):
Evergreen oak; Holly oak; Holm oak

Large evergreen tree (to c. 25 m tall in cultivation); bark rough and fissured. Shoots and buds grey-tomentose, without surrounding stipules. Petioles 5–15 mm long, grey-tomentose. Stipules subulate. Lamina 3–8 × 1.5–3.5 cm, usually ovate-oblong or ovate-lanceolate, less commonly broad-elliptic, coriaceous, entire or sometimes spinulose-dentate (lvs of juvenile and vegetative shoots often spinulose-dentate), deep shining green and glabrous above, usually grey- or whitish tomentulose beneath; base broad-cuneate or rounded. ♂ catkins 1.5–2.5 cm long, clustered; rachis villous; bracts densely silky; fls dense along rachis; perianth 1–1.5 mm long, villous outside; stamens 4–8. Frs in clusters of 1–3 fertile ones on a short tomentose peduncle, reaching maturity in first year. Cup 1.3–2 cm diam.; scales appressed, ovate, tomentulose. Acorns mostly 1.5–2 cm long, ovoid, ⅓-⅔ enclosed by cup.

[From: Webb et al. (1988) Flora of New Zealand. Volume 4.]


Flowering: Sep.–Nov.

Edwards, R. 2008: Lincoln University campus – a guide to some of the trees currently growing there. Lincoln University, Lincoln.
Linnaeus, C. 1753: Species Plantarum. Impensis Laurentii Salvii, Stockholm.