Scientific Name:
Raoulia eximia Hook.f., Handb. New Zealand Fl. 149 (1864)
  • Psychrophyton eximium (Hook.f.) Beauverd, Bull. Soc. Bot. Genève, sér. 2, 2: 230, f. 12 (1910)
  • = Haastia greenii Hook.f. in Kirk, Stud. Fl. New Zealand 296 (1899)
Vernacular Name(s):
Tutāhuna; Vegetable sheep

Stock very stout, woody; branches woody below, very densely compacted, forming rounded cushions up to 1 m. or more diam., up to 5 dm. or more tall. Lvs densely imbricate, 3–4 × up to 1·5 mm., 1-nerved, obovate- to oblong-spathulate to narrow-oblong, rounded at apex; apical portion on both surfaces with dense brush of long straight hairs exceeding and obscuring outline of lamina; ventral surface glab. below; dorsal surface clad in ascending straight hairs. Capitula c. 3 mm. diam. Inner phyll. linear, 3–4 mm. long, scarious on margins, pilose in upper portion, tips not white, not radiating. Florets 10–15 or more. Achenes hardly 1 mm. long, clad in long silky hairs; pappus-hairs rigid.

[From: Allan (1961) Flora of New Zealand. Volume 1.]

Indigenous (Endemic)
Beauverd, G. 1910: Contribution à l'Étude des Composées. Suite V: Recherches sur la tribu des Gnaphaliées. Raoulia, Psychrophyton, Ewartia, Leucogenes and Leontopodium. Bulletin de la Société Botanique de Genève, sér. 2, 2: 207–260.
de Lange, P.J.; Rolfe, J.R.; Barkla J.W.; Courtney, S.P.; Champion, P.D.; Perrie, L.R.; Beadel, S.N.; Ford, K.A.; Breitwieser, I.; Schönberger, I.; Hindmarsh-Walls, R.; Heenan, P.B.; Ladley, K. 2018: Conservation status of New Zealand indigenous vascular plants, 2017. New Zealand Threat Classification Series. No. 22. [Not Threatened]
de Lange, P.J.; Rolfe, J.R.; Champion, P.D.; Courtney, S.P.; Heenan, P.B.; Barkla, J.W.; Cameron, E.K.; Norton, D.A.; Hitchmough, R.A. 2013: Conservation status of New Zealand indigenous vascular plants, 2012. New Zealand Threat Classification Series 3. Department of Conservation, Wellington. [Not Threatened]
Hooker, J.D. 1864: Handbook of the New Zealand Flora: a systematic description of the native plants of New Zealand and the Chatham, Kermadec's, Lord Auckland's, Campbell's and Macquarie's Islands. Part I. Reeve, London.
Kirk,T. 1899: The Students' Flora of New Zealand and the Outlying Islands. Government Printer, Wellington, N.Z.
Ward, J. M. 1982: A key, synopsis and concordance for Raoulia. Mauri Ora 10: 11–19.