Nomenclature
Scientific Name:
Salicornia quinqueflora Bunge ex Ung.-Sternb. (1866)
Synonymy:
  • Sarcocornia quinqueflora (Bunge ex Ung.-Sternb.) A.J.Scott, Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 75: 368 (1978)
  • = Salicornia australis Sol. ex G.Forst. nom. inval., nom. nud.
  • = Salicornia australis Sol. ex F.Muell (1869)
  • = Salicornia australis Sol. ex. Benth. (1870) nom. illeg.
  • = Arthrocnemum heptiflorum Moss (1954) nom. illeg., nom. superfl.
 Description

A perennial subshrub with prostrate woody stems ± 3–4 mm. diam., up to 3 dm. or more long; branches ∞, the plant forming extensive patches up to 6 dm. or more diam. Branchlets mainly opp., us. crowded, erect or ascending, completely invested by lvs, which are long-persistent in withered state. Lvs opp., ± translucent, succulent, green or flushed with red; the pairs completely fused to form a terete "joint" 5–6–(15) × 3–7 mm.; apex free, forming a "collar" with 2 minute lobes. Fls axillary, in upper portion of branchlets, forming a "spike" with shorter, thicker "joints"; the fls sunk in axils, 5–10–(15) in a ring. Per. fleshy, thickened, ± urceolate, with 3–5 minute teeth; stamens 1–2; style branches 2, stigmatic portion linear, minutely papillose. Fr. ± ovoid; seeds ± 2 mm. diam., with coriac. testa clad in minute hooked hairs.

[From:  Allan  (1961) Flora of New Zealand. Volume 1 as Salicornia australis Sol. ex. Benth]

 Biostatus
Indigenous (Non-endemic)
Number of subspecific taxa in New Zealand within Salicornia quinqueflora Bunge ex Ung.-Sternb.
CategoryNumber
Indigenous (Non-endemic)1
Total1
 Bibliography
Edgar, E.; Connor, H. E. 1983: Nomina Nova. III, 1977--1982. New Zealand Journal of Botany 21: 421–441.
Piirainen, M.; Liebisch, O.; Kadereit, G. 2017: Phylogeny, biogeography, systematics and taxonomy of Salicornioideae (Amaranthaceae / Chenopodiaceae) – A cosmopolitan, highly specialized hygrohalophyte lineage dating back to the Oligocene. Taxon 66(1): 109–132.
Scott, A.J. 1978: Reinstatement and revision of Salicorniaceae J. Agardh (Caryophyllales). Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 75: 357–374.